As the name implies, age spots are among the signs of aging. They are common to people over the age of 50. However, younger people may have them, too. This is true especially if these people spend long hours under the sun. These spots vary in color; some are tan and brown, while some are black.
Age spots are more common on the face, hands, arms and upper part of the feet. They also usually appear on other body parts that are most exposed to the sun. People with fair skin are prone to develop these spots.
Dark-skinned individuals may also develop these spots, but the prevalence is only low. Because age spots are unsightly, skin care products that lighten them are readily available in the market.
Types of Skin Lighteners for Age Spots
Skin lighteners come in many forms; there are soaps, creams or lotions. For soaps in particular, their most common ingredients are glutathione and kojic acid. People should massage, and not rub, a skin lightening soap for age spots on the skin. This is because rubbing causes flaking. After using, rinse off thoroughly with water, as residues only make the skin dull and itchy.
Soaps, creams, and lotions of this kind have the same function. They reduce the level of melanin in the body in order to make the skin appear lighter. Aside from color and texture, creams and lotions also have similar ingredients.
Based on skin experts, the best skin lighteners for age spots in the market have hydroquinone, lemon and/or licorice extract, and vitamin C. For skin lighteners that can also serve as moisturizers, products with honey and essential oils are ideal.
Ingredients of Skin Lighteners for Age Spots
It is important to know the common ingredients in skin lighteners that reduce age spots. They include the following:
Glutathione: Aside from age spots, this additive also helps lighten acne spots, dark spots and freckles. This is potent because it brighten the spots and also prevents them from reoccurring. In order to make the spots lighter, this ingredient exfoliates the skin. Hence, the use of a moisturizer is vital. Using a sunblock, especially when going outdoors, is also a must.
Kojic Acid: This additive has many effects. First, it lessens melanin production in the body. Second, it is among the best option for safely treating skin discoloration. Third, it is an antioxidant. Meaning, it fights free radicals that cause damage to skin cells.
Many makers of skin care products also use kojic acid as an antibacterial agent. It has the power to kill bacterial cells. Because of this, enough amounts of it is potent in treating acne blemishes. It also fights the signs of aging. No wonder why several skin lighteners for age spots have kojic acid.
Hydroquinone: This is among the top additives in inhibiting melanin production. Although this does not really bleach the skin, it can lighten it. Like kojic acid, it also has antioxidant properties. However, people need to control its use. Make sure the OTC skin lightener for age spots you will opt for has no more than two percent of this chemical.
Yes, hydroquinone is an effective chemical; but it brings harmful side effects. Using too much may cause dryness, redness, stinging, and even a burning sensation on the skin. Long-term use may also cause irreversible skin discoloration. This is why if you are not sure how much of this chemical a certain skin-lightening product contains, then it is better not to use it all.
Lemon Extract: Many skin lighteners for age spots in beauty stores contain lemon extract. This is because it has bleaching and cleansing properties. If you want to use this at home, then sprinkle fresh lemon juice directly onto your spots at least two times per day.
Just keep in mind that its use makes the skin more sensitive to sunlight. Hence, the use of sunscreen is vital before going out during daytime.
Licorice Extract: This is among the most potent ingredients in many products that whiten the skin. Aside from fighting age spots, it has antimicrobial properties; hence, it is also good for acne and acne spots. It is also ideal as an anti-aging product because of the anti-oxidants it contains. In a study, more than 70 percent of patients showed good results in terms of skin lightening upon using this extract.
Vitamin C: This vitamin is an anti-oxidant. It also prevents the collagen from becoming weak. In addition, vitamin C boosts the production of vitamin E. The latter is responsible for giving people healthy and radiant skin.
DIY Skin Lightening Tips for Age Spots
You can use lemon juice, honey and sugar at home if you want to get rid of age spots. Apply lemon juice directly on body parts with spots. Leave it on for half an hour before rinsing. You can also mix lemon juice and sugar. Use cotton when applying the mixture on the skin.
Otherwise, make a paste out of lemon juice and honey. This paste is potent for reducing age spots that are brown or black in color. After applying, wait for half an hour before rinsing off the mixture. The lemon juice bleaches the skin while the honey moisturizes it.
You don’t have to live with age spots. Start looking and feeling younger by using a skin lightener that is safe and effective for your skin. Check the ingredients and the reviews to find the best one for you.