Dark spots can appear on your face or body because of aging, the use of hormone-based medications or unprotected exposure to sunlight. These can be quite embarrassing and they impact the self-confidence of numerous women.
Skin lightening is a viable option for the removal of the dark spots. Several different methods exist, each one having its particular effectiveness. The following guide will acquaint you with the popular and most effective dark spot removal options, helping you choose the one that will be just right for you.
Natural Skin Lightening
The good news is that nature has given us many substances capable of lightening the skin. These control melanin production and can be used to target hyperpigmentation. One thing you need to keep in mind, however, is that natural skin lightening requires time to start delivering results.
Lemon juice is one of the most popular natural substances used to lighten the skin. Vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant and it can also regulate melanin production. Some great other natural sources of vitamin C include tomatoes and orange peels.
The lactic acid found in milk and yogurt acts as a mild exfoliant. It helps for the upper layer of dead skin cells to be removed. The new cells growing underneath aren’t hyperpigmented, which reduces the prominence of the dark spots.
Other natural options that can be used for the removal of dark spots include honey, aloe vera gel, papaya, horseradish and onion juice. If you look online, you’ll come across numerous DIY recipes for the removal of dark spots in a natural way.
Skin Lightening Creams
Such topical products have a higher concentration of active ingredients than the natural remedies. As such, skin lightening creams can deliver faster results. The composition of such products will have to be assessed carefully, however. Some could be based on harsh chemicals and these substances increase the risk of irritation and skin problems.
Some Ingredients are Rather Popular for Skin Whitening Creams
Hydroquinone sis highly effective but the chemical has been banned in various countries. Over time, it can cause irritation and it will also make the skin more vulnerable to the effects of the dangerous UVA and UVB rays. If possible, avoid creams that contain hydroquinone or use those solely in the short run.
Kojic acid is a much safer ingredient. It has natural origin and it has bleaching properties. Kojic acid is capable of penetrating the deeper layers of the skin. As a result, it helps for the relatively fast removal of dark spots.
Alpha-hydroxy acid is also very common. This ingredient is derived from fruits. It acts as an exfoliant and removes the hyperpigmented cells from the surface of the skin. Just like kojic acid, alpha-hydroxy acid is a relatively safe pick.
If you don’t want to go for a cream that contains hydroquinone, look for arbutin in the formula. Arbutin is a natural source of hydroquinone, which makes it much less damaging. It’s found in a number of plants and it’s a powerful bleaching agent.
Anyone interested in trying bleaching creams should talk to a dermatologist before getting started. A medical practitioner will take a look at the spots and suggest the cream that will deliver the best results without irritating the skin.
These procedures are best for medium-depth dark spots. A chemical peel helps for deeper exfoliation, which enables the removal of the spot while stimulating the growth of healthy and imperfection-free skin.
Most often, dermatologists will use glycolic acid to perform a chemical peel. When administered under medical supervision, it’s usually in a higher concentration. The acid peels the upper layer of the skin much more effectively than exfoliating products created for DIY use.
Anywhere between three and four sessions will be needed for the effective removal of dark spots. The experience of the professional performing the procedure is obviously one of the most important factors for safety and getting the results that you’re hoping for.
This is one of the most hi-tech and popular options for the removal of dark spots from the skin. Laser light is used to target the hyperpigmented cells. The light can penetrate the deepest layers of the skin, making it suitable for particularly deep and difficult to treat dark spots.
One or two sessions of intense pulsed light (IPL) will be needed to destroy the dark tissue and stimulate the growth of healthy skin. Such procedures are administered by dermatologists. A medical practitioner will be capable of telling whether laser treatments are the best and if a simpler option exists.
The only downside to IPL dark spot removal is that the treatment is particularly expensive in comparison to the other methods.
You don’t have to accept the dark spots – various methods can be used to get rid of the cosmetic product completely. Start with creams or home remedies and if these prove to be ineffective, schedule a consultation with a dermatologist.
The depth, the size and the location of the spot will determine which technique is going to give you the outcome that you’re hoping for.